About the Cranial Academy Foundation (OCAF)
The Cranial Academy Foundation is dedicated to the support of Osteopathic professional education and research, with a primary focus on the subspecialty practice of Cranial Osteopathy. We also educate the public on the benefits of Cranial Osteopathy.
Our Primary Focus Includes Financial Support for:
- Professional education programs.
- Scholarships for medical students, resident physicians, and physicians who are in private practice.
- Research in Cranial Osteopathy related to the areas of Pain, Traumatic Brain Injury, Concussion, Post-Traumatic Stress, Integrative Medicine, and Optimal Health Promotion.
- Dissemination of research results in clinical outcomes and basic sciences that support the clinical and physiologic impact of Cranial Osteopathy.
“We are training the next generation of Physicians.” – Eric Dolgin, DO, FCA, Foundation President
Board of Directors
Eric J. Dolgin, D.O., FCA
Hollis H. King, D.O., Ph.D., FAAO, FCA
John C. Reed, M.D., FCA
Richard A. Feely, D.O., FAAO, FCA
Quoc L. Vo, D.O.
Christopher Stephenson, D.O.
In 1892 the first school of Osteopathy was founded in rural Kirksville, Missouri. Since that time, osteopathic schools, and the osteopathic profession in general, have accepted students into the profession without regard for sex or race1.
Shortly thereafter, American health care was greatly influenced by the 1910 Flexner Report. Flexner claimed that “substandard” medical schools in rural and inner-city underserved areas should be closed and that public resources should be devoted to schools that taught scientific research-based medicine after the model of the Johns Hopkins and Harvard schools. The Report’s policy proponents argued that medical schools which made a point of attracting women and minorities to study medicine were intrinsically substandard and were not candidates for grants and federal endorsements to underwrite improved “scientific” training of physicians.
The resulting structural inequities affected American health care for most of the 20th century234. The osteopathic professional colleges maintained their non-discriminatory admission policies and a focus on training physicians for local community service, although this emphasis disqualified them from much federal research funding and recognition. The American Medical Association maintained national discriminatory policies regarding access to medical education and physician practice opportunities for over a century. It was not until 2008 that it officially apologized for its prior racial exclusion policies5.
In 1994 both the American Medical Association and the American Osteopathic Association had elected their first black presidents 6, but only in recent years has the unmet need for addressing health care inequities and improving cultural competency in US health care been more structurally recognized. Since 2007-8 the Council on Osteopathic College Accreditation and the Liaison Committee on Medical Education (accrediting bodies for DO and MD schools of medicine) have successfully implemented policies that allowed for a diverse student population789.
While major challenges still remain in health care educational equity10, the osteopathic community will celebrate a century of inclusion of African American physicians in our profession in 202111. Women have been included since the inception of the first school.
Discrimination of any kind is a threat to our osteopathic heritage, mission, and future. We commit to ensuring that the Cranial Academy Foundation policies, practices, and programs are supportive of osteopathy’s promise of effective, humane, nondiscriminatory whole-person health care.
We will continue osteopathy’s commitment to inclusive professional education, research in the public interest, and reduction of health care inequities. The Board of the Cranial Academy Foundation will actively work with our members and supporters to refine our mission and goals with this in view.
- https://daily.jstor.org/the-1910-report-that-unintentionally-disadvantaged-minority-doctors/ “The Flexner Report all but eliminated medical education for African-Americans, primarily because the American Medical Association used the report to advance an agenda that protected the professional and financial interests of their [white male privileged class] membership.”
In 1910,when the Flexner Report was published, African Americans made up 2.5% of the number of physicians in the USA. By 1963 that number was only 2.2%, and stayed at that level through 2008, only rising to 5% in the following 10 years (9).
- The Impact of the Flexner Report on the Fate of Medical Schools in North America After 1909. https://www.jpands.org/vol8no2/hiattext.pdf
July 11, 2008 “CHICAGO (AP) The American Medical Association formally apologized on Thursday for more than a century of policies that excluded blacks from the group, long considered to be the voice of American doctors.” In 2008, less than 2% of AMA members were African American.
- https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2717462, Dec 2018, downloaded June 22, 2020.
Meta L. Christy, DO, was the world’s first African-American osteopathic physician. She graduated from what is now the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine in 1921.